Definition of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells
Self renewal is an important property of stems by which the cells are able to divide again and again with the ability to create identical copies of same cell. Over more than 200 numbers of cells in the body is formed with the help of stem cells. There are some stem cells which are unspecialised and do not hold a particular function. However, some stems are differentiated to form specific type of cells.
There are number of umbilical cord based cells:-
Stem Cell Therapy with help of Purified Mesenchymal obtained from Umbilical Cord
The mesenchymal type of stem cells is obtained from human cord blood which is able to conduct the process of hematopoiesis. They are progenitor cells of blood cord of human and are multi-potent in nature. It is able to differentiate into number of lineages that forms various cells. Some of the lineages include adipogenic, cardiomyogenic, osteogenic, neurogenic, chondrogenic and osteogenic.
Umbilical Cord Blood produces even CD34+ Stem cells
There are many ways by which CD38+ cells are isolated from umbilical cord blood out of which immune-magnetic separation technique is most common. The cells are made available at early stage with stable karyotype. The cells are generally stable and multi-potent in natures which are commonly found as hematopoietic cells, endothelial cells of blood vessel and progenitor cells of endothelial.
How to Check its Acceptance?
There are number of cases when maternal and cord blood is tested negative. Some of the situations include HIV I & II, Syphilis IgG/IgM antibodies, fungal contamination, bacterial contamination, HCV etc. Before transferring there are lot of things that need to be tested like checking abnormality in chromosome. Post the screening process; the stem cells can be processed.
The preservation mode is also critical where it can be stored in cryo-storage system. The batches of the stem cell are preserved at -196 degrees within bio-archive system which is controlled by computer robotics system. The stem cell information is very important and hence patients get a certificate informing about the used stem cells.